Researchers face more obstacles studying the lung microbiome than the gut microbiome. One big hurdle is collecting lung samples. In a new study, researchers used an invasive technique to collect fluid from children’s lungs and discovered how the lung’s microbial makeup affects stem cell transplant outcomes.
Pre-screening of the gut microbiome may lead to a more personalized approach to treating intestinal parasitic worm infections, leading to better treatment outcomes and a decreased risk for drug resistance.
Scientists continue to ring alarm bells about the risks associated with the continued misuse of antimicrobials and advocate for innovative treatments, improved surveillance, and greater public health education.